Umbria, with its beautiful hilly landscape of which the forest constitutes a predominant part, is an immense truffle ground.
Beyond the white truffles and precious black truffle, there exist at least 7 to 8 species of truffles in Umbria to stimulate our palate all year round. Umbria Truffles are collected only during certain periods of the year, when they are ripe, and with the aid of dogs to avoid a useless “hoeing” of the terrain that would compromise the precious “mycelium”. The fruit-bearing body must be extracted in perfect conditions of maturation: immature products completely lack smell.
The precious Umbrian black truffle (Tuber Melanosporum Vittadini) is the prevailing quality. Mature from November to March, its size can vary from that of a nut to that of an apple or an orange. The peel is blackish or directly black and wrinkled. Its flesh is purple-black, crossed by thin veins of white that have a brown-reddish colour at the sides. It can be found at an altitude of 250-300 metres to 900-1000 metres.
The Umbria white truffle is even more rare and precious. It reaches maturation from October until the end of December, but in areas particularly sheltered it can also be found in all of the month of January. It vegetates at a greater depth than other truffles. It prefers to have a relationship with other superior plants such as the poplar, willow and harrier, although living symbiotically with other plants such as the oak, the Turkey oak, and the hornbeam.
The charm of the white truffle has many components: its acute perfume, unmistakable and absolute; its size and form, which must be the most regular and rounded possible; the distinctive taste that is best experienced served crude without the need for sauces or condiments. Its size can vary from that of a small nut to that of a large orange and has a sub-spherical form variously rounded with emergent horns. The colour of its pulp ranges from hazelnut to dark brown according to the degree of maturation. Sometimes, when the plant with which it lives symbiotically is a lime-tree or an oak, it is pink, with a tendency towards red. The white truffle is served cut into small pieces. It is best served with simple hot dishes that enhance its aroma.
TAG truffle, truffles, Umbria truffles